There are several types of fencing that will work in containing cattle. Below we have outlined some of those options and their benefits. Whether you want a cattle fence that is electrified or aesthetically pleasing, we have a cattle fence for your needs.
High tensile fence has become the most popular agricultural fence here in the East. Even though it is one of the more economical fences to install, it provides tremendous strength and durability and will give a lifetime of service.
Because of the heavy posts driven into the ground to support the wire, high tensile fencing is not intended as a temporary fencing solution.
It would be a daunting task for an animal to push their way through a high tensile fence by spreading the wires, so it works very effectively as a physiological barrier. But they can get through if they are determined enough. So adding two strands of electric wire provides an extremely secure fence. The electric wire also prevents cattle from constantly pushing against the wires and wearing them down.
When shopping for high tensile fences here are a few important things to keep in mind.
Check out our crew in the beginning stages of a high tensile fence installation below.
Choosing the right post size is important. After more than 20 years of testing we have found that posts five to six inches in diameter deliver by far the most value. It is optimal for strength and is also the most attractive from a design standpoint.
ProFence does not install any posts less than five inches and most of our posts are six inches or larger.
The high tensile wire itself is engineered with tremendous strength. The innovation of this wire is that is has an unbelievable amount of elasticity when compared to the old barbed wire used in years gone by.
So if an animal runs into the fence high tensile wire can stretch, safely slowing the animal down without damaging the fence. The strength and elasticity depends on the grade of the high tensile wire.
ProFence uses the highest grade of high tensile wire on all our fences as a standard. See specs here.
High tensile fence can have a single wire or can be equipped with up to a dozen or more wires depending on needs. The post spacing is adjusted accordingly as well. Less space between posts increases the strength of the fence; more space gives it greater flexibility. This ability to customize to fit a range of needs is one reason this type of fence is so popular.
The wire puts a lot of strain on the posts so it is important to brace the ends or corners by placing two fence posts in the ground eight feet apart and four feet into the ground. A horizontal pole is then run between these two posts, reinforced by a diagonal wire that holds the brace system together. This forms a very strong corner that will not heave or be pulled by the constant strain of the wire against the posts.
The most popular high tensile fence used for fencing in cattle is a simple five wire fence with posts spaced every 24 feet and having two wires electrified. It is popular with ranchers and farmers simply because it works well and is economical.
This fence is known by a lot of names: box wire, woven wire, non-climb, etc. We will use the term woven wire to describe any fence that has vertical and horizontal wires connected to form a grid. These grids can be many different sizes depending on the distance between the wires.
Woven wire’s advantage over all other fences is its security; woven wire fences are specifically designed to keep animals in or out. A tight grid of wires nailed securely on sturdy posts can keep something as small as a rabbit out and or keep an animal as big as a horse in. The only way animals can get through is if the woven wire fence is actually broken.
If security is your highest priority then this should clearly be your fence of choice.
Five- to six-inch round treated posts, just like those used with the high tensile fence, is optimal when installing woven wire fencing. The primary difference is that the posts are normally spaced much closer together for maximum fence security. Post spacing varies on the size of the wire’s grid. For example, 12-foot post spacing with the 13-48-3 and the 2”x4” non-climb makes excellent choices for horse fence.
The numbers: A 13-48-3 means that the wire has 13 strands of wire running horizontally, it is 48” tall, and the upright wire or stays are space every three inches. The 2”x4” non-climb fence is simply a grid of boxes that are two-inches wide and four-inches tall.
Woven wire comes in many different shapes and sizes but there are only two primary categories: high tensile woven wire and non-high tensile woven wire.
The difference is that high tensile woven wire has been through a specialized process that gives it two thousand percent more strength and also significantly increases its elasticity. This does not necessarily mean that regular wire is not a good choice under normal conditions where your fence wire won’t be tested to its maximum tensile strength. However, this extra strength will keep your fence stretched tight and looking young for many years.
Woven wire fences are one of the most secure and versatile fences on the market. It is well-suited for horses as they can’t get their feet tangled in it, and it is also very visible for a wire fence. It is almost impossible for cattle to get out without first destroying the fence—not a walk in the park. This fence also works great for keeping deer out as the wire can be bought to eight-feet high.
Woven wire puts strain on the posts so it is important to brace the fence by placing posts in the ground eight feet apart and four feet into the ground. A horizontal pole is then run between these two posts, reinforced by a diagonal wire that holds the brace system together.
The most popular woven wire fence design is a 13-48-6 fence with posts spaced every 12 feet. Woven wire fences are often used for both cattle and horses, is popular because it is extremely secure. Animals simply can’t push their way through the woven wire fencing.
ProFence employs experienced professional woven wire fence installers. Our fence installation team has years of experience installing fencing on many different types of terrain. A woven wire fence can last a lifetime. It all starts with quality materials and an experienced woven wire fence installation team, ProFence provides both.
All other wire types
*other sizes available
The good old board fence is still a favorite of many people. It offers great security while giving an aesthetic appeal that adds charm and value to any property. A well designed and made board fence is truly a work of art.
Posts are spaced every eight feet and typically three or four boards run horizontally. Under the seasoned and artistic eye of our ProFence team, it flows smoothly over hills and gently curves around property lines and is possibly the most profound way to showcase your estate. It draws your guests into your home with a country welcome.
You may decide to leave your board fence a natural wood color or paint it a bright and distinguishing white. Or my personal favorite: coat the wood board fence in natural oils to bring out a deep warm color; almost black. This looks best when your property has a rustic country style. Whichever you choose, the board fence is one of the greatest assets you can use to enhance your property’s value appearance, general feel, and style.
Though the board fence requires more maintenance than a wire fence, if you take pride in your property, you will find the extra effort well spent.
Universally, wood board fencing requires a post spacing of eight feet. The wood boards that are used are 16-feet long and need to span two openings (or stretch across three posts). Although board fence posts can be either round or square, ProFence only uses round posts because they last longer. When a board is nailed to a square post there is more surface for the board to contact, creating a moisture trap between the two pieces of wood. That in turn can lead to wood rot, decreasing the longevity of your fence.
Here our team of wood fence installation experts install round wood posts which will eventually become an aesthetically pleasing and long lasting wood board fence.
Almost all board fences will have either three or four boards that run horizontally along the posts. The four-board fence will be stronger and will cost more per lineal foot then the three-board fence.
At ProFence we only use three kinds of boards—oak, treated southern yellow pine, and hemlock—all of which have about a 15-year maintenance-free life expectancy.
Oak boards fall into the hardwood tree family. Horses do not eat oak as easily as pine and hemlock, and it holds up better under abuse, and has tremendous durability. The downside is that as it dries out it tends to warp a bit.
Hemlock boards weather so well that they do not need any chemical treatment to preserve them. This natural ability to withstand the elements without rotting and decaying also helps protect our planet by eliminating the need for harsh chemical preservatives. These boards also do not warp and will look great for a long time.
The downside is if your horse is a cribber you will need to put a hot wire on the fence to keep your horse from eating the boards.
Southern yellow pine boards are a very popular board because it is one of the stronger boards in the pine family. And when treated with the chemical wood preservative chromated copper arsenate, it will last a long time and not warp. It will also be the most resistant to high acid content areas such as your barn or any other area with lots of manure.
Board fence is by far most popular for horses but is also used for cattle. To really make the fence useful and keep wear to a minimum, it is important to install a hot wire to keep cattle from pushing against it and to keep horses from eating it.
Poly coat fencing is primarily designed for horses, but works well for cattle as well. It is basically the same as a high tensile fence except that the wire has a coating of white poly covering the high tensile wire providing greater visibility. Poly wire is also able to carry electricity, providing excellent visibility as well as the psychological barrier of an electric fence.
A fence is only as good as the workmanship that goes into the fence installation. It would be hard to find a more professional team of poly coat fence installers anywhere in the Eastern USA. ProFence has the quality materials and installation know how to get the job done right.
ProFence LLC is an agricultural fence provider and installer. With locations in Shippensburg, PA and Harrisonburg, VA, we are conveniently located to help with all your cattle fencing needs. Choose the cattle fence option above that you are interested in for more information. Having ProFence install your fencing means that you will never have to worry about the quality of fencing materials or proper installation.
With our years of experience in cattle fencing, we will consult with you for free on what the best fencing options are for your property. Give us a call at 800-433-6236 or fill out our free fencing estimate form.